Borealia is the collective name of the landmasses located in the Northern Hemisphere of Refuge on which the campaign of A Berecynthian Tale is set. It consists of two continents; Cisborealia (south of the North Pole) and Transborealia (north of the North Pole). Natives of Borealia are called continentals or more rarely borealians.
Borealia encompasses all lands known to be inhabited by the Three Primes. It was settled almost 11,000 years ago after the first Calamities forced the ancestors of the Three Prime races to migrate en masse to Refuge.
The word 'Borealia' is a Latinate construction similar to that of 'Australia'; meaning "northern land". The term is wholly invented, as the varying landmasses are represented differently and uniquely in many languages. While it lacks their metaphorical flourishes and deep socio-cultural capital, from an analytical perspective the term is appropriate; given that the entirety of the territory lies in the Northern Hemisphere and a great deal of it does in fact reside within the North Pole.
Not much is known about the geological history of Borealia. Its heavily fjordic coasts indicate that at some point it must have been glaciated; though how long ago this was and whether it will happen again is at this point unknown. According to the few sources who have conversed with gods on the matter, it is ancient and predates the Primes by millions of years.
Orogenesis and earthquake occurance along what constitutes the terran Rocky Mountains suggests it sits on similar fault-lines to Earth. However whether this relationship represents a correlate or cognate to Terran plate tectonics remains to be seen.
Borealia's topography resembles the west-coast of North America, the Beiring Strait Islands, the Chukchi Peninsula and far northeastern portion of Siberia- were it all flooded roughly 65-70m higher.
However, due to Refuge's comparatively extreme axial tilt to Earth (24.5°), far more sunlight reaches Borealia's more polar-oriented regions. Borealia's paleo-Venusian atmosphere (higher air density and higher carbon dioxide levels), the existence of several cross Atlantic-Pacific channels (natural Panama and Nicaraguan canals) and a younger more vibrant sun make its polar regions not only habitable, but downright temperate and pleasant for half of the year. North of the 60th parallel, the climate is temperate maritime or continental; with moderate summers and winters along the coast, and hot summers and cold winters in the interior. The dramatic winter melts following the end of the Polar Night creates a spectacular 182.5 day growing season in the north; making it an agricultural powerhouse. Indeed, the earliest civilizations; kong, zmaiy and raptor all originated in polar regions- a stark contrast with the frigid, ice-ageish polar north of Earth.
Between the 43.5°and 60°parallels the climate tends to correspond to temperate rainforest along the coast (which because of the fjordic terrain is disproportionately vast), dry continental on leeward sides of the Rocky Mountains and humid contnental on the windward side of the mountains. Below the 43.5°until the 24.5° parallel north the climate transitions from temperate to sub-tropical; with the broadleaf rainforests along the coasts of northern Oregon turning into pleasant mediterranean and humid subtropical climates further south along Alta and Baja California. Inland subtropical highland climates hug the windward mountains, while on the leeward side dry prarie and deserts dominate.
Overall Borealia is much warmer and more moderate than it's Terran counterpart. Its temperate and habitable polar regions, longer growing season, diverse and widely variating terrain makes for a formidable landscape on which numerous sentisapient civilizations have risen and fallen over the aeons.
Borealia can roughly be divided into eight core regions, based on varying ecology, geology, geography and demography. Each of these regions is unique, though the divisions presented here are not absolute; as one travels further from the center of each region, the boundaries between them tend to blur.